How do civilians react to changing authority in civil war? We investigate this question in Afghanistan using survey data from The Asia Foundation following the end of U.S.-led combat operations in 2014. I demonstrate that there is clear evidence that civilian attitudes are indeed conditional on the following three-way interaction: territorial control, ethnicity, and survival. For instance, there is a notable and statistically significant distinction between Pashtuns and non-Pashtuns under Taliban control in their approval of the Afghan Government. I bring largely unused country-wide individual-level data to bear on analyzing civilian wartime beliefs. To view this research project, please click here.